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‘Recuperating all that we have lost and forgotten’

‘Recuperating all that we have lost and forgotten’

environmental justice in the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Bolivia)

(p.161) NINE ‘Recuperating all that we have lost and forgotten’
Achieving environmental justice
Karen Bell
Policy Press

Discussions of environmental justice in Bolivia tend not to focus on the siting of hazardous waste and processing facilities, as in the United States and Europe, but, rather, to emphasise issues such as access to land and water, the defence of traditional seeds, agricultural practices, infrastructure developments, the effects of resource extraction and international climate justice. Despite a legacy of extractivism, Bolivia is, perhaps, the most promising country in terms of the policies that are in place for achieving environmental justice. This is largely due to its more favourable procedural justice approach as well as the predominance of counter-hegemonic environmental discourses. The concept of ‘Living Well’ is replacing the dominant vision of humans above nature with that of humans as part of nature, promising a way of achieving a society that is both ecologically sustainable and socially just.

Keywords:   Bolivia, Living Well, MAS, ALBA, colonialism, Vivir Bien, indigenous, Latin America, extractivism, resource wars

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